There are quantitative tools and analytical methods in the form of step-by-step guidance that assess which issues and trade-offs need to be addressed in energy-related decision-making and methodological processes for optimizing opportunities and minimising risks.
Decision support tools address all key actors, including consumers, producers and utilities. Their purpose is to assess the benefits (or risks) for each actor under different scenarios. The benefits and risks can be expressed in both quantitative and qualitative terms. The tools covered under this theme are horizontal. For their practical application, (market) decision and support tools may draw results from ex-ante and ex-post evaluation studies such as monitoring and benchmarking of energy systems, environmental impact assessments, social site characterisation, actor engagement tools and cost-benefit analyses. However, the development of these assessment methodologies themselves is covered under other themes: techno-economic assessment, LCA, public acceptability, user participation and cost-benefit analysis.