Mobility & Transport
Mobility and transport in Europe are predominantly based on fossil fuels and account for oil import expenditure of well over EUR 200 billion each year. Consequently, there is a pressing need for political commitment to improve energy efficiency in the transport sector, in order to improve security of energy supply, adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change and support economic development in Europe’s cities.
Mobility is closely interlinked with many other social and economic sectors. As a result, the European Commission is now advocating an integrated policy and financial approach. Two good examples of this include the EC’s urban mobility demonstration initiative CIVITAS, and the advancement of the concept of sustainable urban mobility planning.
A number of mobility demonstration measures are being implemented within the EU’s smart cities projects, and this section outlines the main financial, economic, policy and social issues encountered in implementing smart mobility and transport projects.