Mobility & Transport

Mobility and transport in Europe are predominantly based on fossil fuels and account for oil import expenditure of well over EUR 200 billion each year. Consequently, there is a pressing need for political commitment to improve energy efficiency in the transport sector, in order to improve security of energy supply, adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change and support economic development in Europe’s cities.

Mobility is closely interlinked with many other social and economic sectors. As a result, the European Commission is now advocating an integrated policy and financial approach. Two good examples of this include the EC’s urban mobility demonstration initiative CIVITAS, and the advancement of the concept of sustainable urban mobility planning.

A number of mobility demonstration measures are being implemented within the EU’s smart cities projects, and this section outlines the main financial, economic, policy and social issues encountered in implementing smart mobility and transport projects. 

Best Practices

Best Practices
Location

Programme / Policy

Description

Country: EU
Project: Act2
Transport Innovation Deployment for Europe

The TIDE project has produced a document comparing the use of multi-criteria analysis compared to a conventional cost-benefit analysis when assessing measures.

TIDE website

Country: France
versement transport

The versement transport  (“transport tax”) is an urban transport tax. In urban areas  with more than 10,000 inhabitants, companies with more than 9 employees must pay  the tax: 0.55% to 2.6% of the total salary costs. The percentage depends on the size  of the area and the quality of the public transport. With this income stream, the local  transport authorities finance public transport, along with other local authority levels,  central government and the European Union. (Source: EPOMM) 

Country: The Netherlands
Congestion reduction programme

The Arnhem-Nijmegen city region in the Netherlands subsidised pedelecs for commuters. 630  employees purchased a pedelec. Previously, 65% of them had travelled to work by car.  Today, only 23% use their cars to travel to work. Each of these participants drove  74 fewer kilometres a week on average. Participants received a 600 Euro subsidy for  purchasing a pedelec. At least 50% of the participants said that they would not have  purchased a pedelec without this subsidy. (Source: EPOMM)

GreenFunder

GreenFunder is an online crowd-funding platform for socially responsible and environmentally-minded projects initiated by entrepreneurs and nonprofits. The projects operates globaly and is designed to help entrepreneurs, NGOs, teachers and kids get the funding they need.

GreenFunder

Recommendations

Recommendations
Location

Programme / Policy

Description

Country: EU
Project: Act2
EVIDENCE project: The economic benefits of sustainable transport

The  economic  benefits  of  sustainable   urban   mobility  interventions  are  increasingly   apparent,   with  recent  studies  highlighting  that  ‘packages’  of  measures  supporting   alternatives   to  the  car  can  provide  greater  financial benefit than major road schemes,  and  have  positive  impacts   on   employment and investment.

EVIDENCE website