Mobility & Transport

Mobility and transport in Europe are predominantly based on fossil fuels and account for oil import expenditure of well over EUR 200 billion each year. Consequently, there is a pressing need for political commitment to improve energy efficiency in the transport sector, in order to improve security of energy supply, adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change and support economic development in Europe’s cities.

Mobility is closely interlinked with many other social and economic sectors. As a result, the European Commission is now advocating an integrated policy and financial approach. Two good examples of this include the EC’s urban mobility demonstration initiative CIVITAS, and the advancement of the concept of sustainable urban mobility planning.

A number of mobility demonstration measures are being implemented within the EU’s smart cities projects, and this section outlines the main financial, economic, policy and social issues encountered in implementing smart mobility and transport projects. 

Regulatory & Administrative

Regulatory & Administrative
Location
Encountered barriers
Solution

Dutch tenant protection regulation demands that 70 % of the tenants must agree to a physical improvement of the houses in case the landlord wants to increase the rent, thus reclaiming the costs of the improvement. This can result in the tenants disagreeing with the necessary refurbishments and blocking the project.

This was avoided as the envelope refurbishments and other improvements were implemented without adding extra costs to the rent.

The deployment of the charging infrastructure in Valladolid encountered delays due to the traditional tender procedure by contract.

In order to overcome this administrative barrier, the team managed to change the traditional procedure and work towards a public-private partnership.

Administrative procedures in public administration are complex, which becomes even more noticeable when dealing with innovation activities carried out by different departments.

An important role in overcoming these administrative burdens was played by the Innovation Agency of the City Council of Valladolid. The agency has a transversal approach and is a key factor in the success of the project.

Social

Social
Location
Encountered barriers
Solution

The tenants thought that all of them have to pay for the e-car sharing scheme regardless or the usage. The utilisations was not high enough to reach economic feasibility.

Stronger communication efforts were necessary, including on-site support from independent people to answer questions and reduce the fear of something new. The use of a proven business model is very important.

The impact of engagement events in public areas only reached few. In addition, it was not possible to engage specific target groups sufficiently (e.g. full-time working people and families with migration background).

In order to reach more people, the project team implemented or plans to carry out the following actions:

  • get in contact with the target groups via the pupils. A cooperation with “science pool” (private education provider) was established and the content of the teaching unit was coordinated with the SMARTER TOGETHER targets.
  • in addition, the cooperation with local clubs will be sought because it is assumed that it will be very helpful for reaching broad target groups.
  • the mobile info point Sim mobil was refined and different addons were installed - a solar panel on the roof, a bike generator, an energy quiz - for making it more attractive.
  • the standard information process of the housing companies was enhanced. By installing a temporary information office on-site, the tenants had the possibility to talk to someone connected to the housing company to receive information about the refurbishment process and to express their wishes.

Best Practices

Best Practices
Location
Description
Country: EU
Project: STEP-UP

Continued communication and collaboration with stakeholders is a key winning element for many projects. As integrated projects tend to involve cooperation across various sectors, such as transport, energy and ICT, and utilise a variety of technologies, it is vital that organisations are able to keep an open dialogue going between them in order to secure support and involvement throughout the duration of the project, and enable effective communication, knowledge and information exchange. This can lead to improved project outcomes, enhancing potential for future expansion, replication or further collaboration.

Country: EU
Project: InSMART

The mobility of people and goods makes the city a lively place but models and surveys are vital to find realistic ways to reduce its carbon footprint.

Country: Austria
Project: SMARTER TOGETHER

A major focus of the project lies on the integration of the residents, and respectively the affected people of the target area in the district of Simmering. They can participate in different ways during the co-creation process, which accompanies the realisation projects. Quite a few engagement and co-creation activities took place, among which:

• Low-energy districts - the tenants of the refurbishment building Lorystraße can decide about the colour of the façade and the balconies, as well as about the design of the community space and the garden.

• Sustainable mobility - in order to select an e-bike model for the public mobility stations, a public e-bike testing was carried out. A mobility survey to support the mobility projects was also performed among the local tenants to gain knowledge about their mobility behaviour. The inhabitants also had the possibility to weigh in their wishes and ideas for the mobility point(s) during multiple events at the mobile info point Sim mobil.

• Information and engagement: there were guided walks in the target area on project-related topics like mobility or energy. Bike days took place to inform about bike topics, while the Sim mobil was used to inform tenants (in public areas, during the information events, etc). The practical support and experiences from the local urban renewal office was very helpful.

Challenges

Challenges
Location
Description
Country: Austria
Project: SMARTER TOGETHER

A predesigned administrative procedure for installing a charging station does not exist. Therefore, the acquisition of permission takes longer, there is insecurity and a strong need for cooperation with relevant actors.

Country: Austria
Project: SMARTER TOGETHER

The investments for SMARTER TOGETHER in Vienna are more than € 50 million, mostly for refurbishment and construction work. Return on investment depends on the different project (e.g. 7% for energy investments to much lower for constructions). The main risks are probably associated with investments for new mobility services where the long-run revenue is difficult to foresee.