Mobility and Transport

Mobility and transport in Europe are predominantly based on fossil fuels and account for oil import expenditures of well over EUR 200 billion each year. With security of supply, climate change and economic development in mind, there is a great need for political commitment to improve energy efficiency in the transport sector.

Mobility is closely interlinked with many other social and economic sectors, thus the European Commission is now advocating an integrated policy and financial approach. Two good examples include the EC’s urban mobility demonstration initiative CIVITAS, and the advancement of the concept of sustainable urban mobility planning.

A number of mobility demonstration measures are being implemented within the EU’s smart cities projects, and this section outlines the main barriers and solutions with respect to their funding and management.